Carbohydrate Loading: How Much Does It Improve Physical Appearance During a Bodybuilding Competition?

Let’s talk bodybuilding! When you’re on stage showing off the physique you have trained and dieted so hard for so long to attain, you obviously want to impress the judges by looking the best you can at that very moment. Not only does this require you to be lean enough, you also want your muscles … Read more

Omega-3 Supplements Have No Effects on Depression and Anxiety

Earlier this year, an expert panel organized by the International Society for Nutritional Psychiatry Research concluded that omega-3 fatty acids should be recommended as adjuvant treatment for major depression in pregnant women, children, and the elderly, and as prevention in high-risk populations. In the light of a brand new and extensive meta-analysis, that recommendation might … Read more

Omega-3 Fatty Acids: Effects, Benefits, and Safety

Omega-3 fatty acids have numerous functions in your body. They help regulate your blood pressure, inflammatory processes, and your nervous system, just to mention a few vital functions. In addition, they are responsible for maintaining cell structure and signaling, as well as cell membrane fluidity. You wouldn’t survive without them. For the athlete, omega-3 fatty … Read more

How Long Do You Build Muscle After Eating a Protein-Rich Meal?

Do you think we know everything about protein and how your body uses it to build muscle? Then you are sorely mistaken. We probably don’t know much at all. For example, we don’t know how long a certain amount of protein builds new muscle mass. Add all the various protein sources in a regular diet, … Read more

Exercise Leads to Immediate Improvement of Chemotherapy-Related Side Effects

If you have to undergo chemotherapy, chances are you don’t feel well. The treatment can actually make you feel worse than the disease. If we are lucky, we won’t have to experience it ourselves. However, to say that you don’t feel very well during chemotherapy seems to be an understatement. At the same time, keeping … Read more

Vitamin D: Effects, Benefits, and Safety

Vitamin D is a fat-soluble and essential vitamin your body needs to be able to absorb calcium and keep your bones healthy. You get vitamin D from sunlight, food, or from supplements. Only a handful of foods provide vitamin D in sufficient amounts, and deficiency is fairly common. This makes vitamin D one of the … Read more

Movement-Based Exercise Improves Physical Function More Than Traditional Strength Training in the Elderly

By now, it is well established that strength training is important to maintain muscle mass and strength as we get older. By engaging in weight training, we slow down the age-related decline in physical function that otherwise can be quite debilitating and dangerous. What’s the best type of strength training for the elderly in order … Read more

Does Cluster Sets Stimulate Muscle Growth Equally to Traditional Sets?

A cluster set is a set that includes intermittent rest between repetitions or groups – “clusters” of repetitions. By taking a 10–30 second rest in between repetitions, you can delay fatigue and keep intensity high during a training session. By utilizing cluster sets, you can increase your training volume and the amount of intense work … Read more

Can Collagen Protein Supplements Aid Your Cartilage Regeneration?

Recently, collagen protein has garnered quite a bit of attention. Where whey, casein, soy, and maybe a few other proteins were the ones available, you now usually find collagen protein as well. In addition, several studies over the last few years have demonstrated actual increases in fat free mass following collagen protein supplementation, comparable to … Read more

No Differences in Relative Caloric Requirements between Male and Female Athletes

Do male and female athletes have different calorie requirements? The answer is no. A new study compared the resting metabolic rate between sexes in college athletes using indirect calorimetry. The researchers also measured the fat mass and fat-free mass of the subjects using air displacement plethysmography. ADP is a method of measuring body composition based … Read more