Too Much Training Creates a Less Anabolic Environment in Your Muscles

Systemic concentrations of anabolic hormones like testosterone do not predict the muscle growth strength training produces. However, local factors inside your muscles, like androgen receptor content, do. The results from a recent study show that overtraining leads to lower muscle androgen receptor content. This suggests that you don’t want to cross the fine line between … Read more

Caffeine: Effects, Benefits, and Safety

Which is the most popular psychoactive drug in the world? Caffeine, of course. Our favorite drug has many different physiological effects, one being potentially enhanced performance during exercise. This effect is mainly exerted by blocking the neurotransmitter adenosine from its receptors. Caffeine increases both aerobic endurance performance, muscular endurance, and even anaerobic strength and power activities … Read more

HMB: Effects, Benefits and Safety

HMB, or β-Hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate, is a metabolite of the branched-chain amino acid leucine. The effects of HMB on muscle metabolism during resistance training have been studied in human trials for more than 20 years. HMB has been shown to have a positive effect on muscle protein turnover, and might be beneficial as a supplement during periods … Read more

How Much Protein from a Single Meal Can Your Body Use to Build Muscle Mass?

How much protein per meal

How much protein can the body absorb per meal? That might very well be one of the most frequently asked questions in exercise and nutrition. First, let us clarify the question. There is often a certain misunderstanding about what this really means. Taken literally, as in how much protein can be absorbed before an excess … Read more